Family Background, School Location and Peer Group as Predictors of Juvenile Delinquency among Secondary School Students


INTRODUCTION

Socio-criminologists overtime have been engaged in analyzing juvenile delinquency as a concept, as well as establishing causal factors with the aim of prescribing effective measures of control.  An overview of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria points towards several casual factors such as the family background, school environment, peer group influence, home location and even the negative messages derived from the mass media.

Studies have revealed that family is a major predictor of delinquency (Breivik, Olweus, Endersen, 2009; Mandara and Murray, 2006).  According to Simons, Simons and Wallace (2004) children in single-parent homes are more likely to be delinquent. there is evidence to suggest that single-parent families, especially single-mothers, expect less of their children, spend less time monitoring them and use less effective techniques to discipline them. This means that children have greater opportunities and motivation to participate in delinquent acts than do those living in a two-parent family. Hence, the absence of one parent is a major predictor for juvenile delinquency (Mack et al., 2006).

Also, the idea that many schools are delinquency-producing agencies is fundamentally based on two types of accusations:(1) the school’s failure as a socialization agency- this refers to the school’s inability to inculcate upon students the necessary social skills that enable them to interact especially with peers and adults and (2) failure in academic subject may produce a situation in which students are frustrated and they (pupils) may turn into delinquent conduct.

The peer group may be viewed as an informal network of individuals of approximately the same age. Peers are thus individuals with whom a youth shares common problems and experiences. The peer group is a convenient structure which is suitable for needs of emotionally disturbed children who are unable to meet the demands required for participation in normal groups. The peer group is a crime predisposing factor as it creates opportunities outside family situation for children to commit crime.

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4 comments on “Family Background, School Location and Peer Group as Predictors of Juvenile Delinquency among Secondary School Students

  1. Hello
    I am intrested in your material (parent’s occupation, family size, and home location as predictors of truncy in secondry schools in Nigeria), how do I make paymennt and get the material?
    Samuel.

  2. hello
    I am intrested in your material (parent’s occupation
    FAMILY BACKGROUND, SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT AND PEER GROUP AS KEY CAUSE OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN IBADAN METROPOLIS – IBADAN SOUTH EAST.

    • Thanks, Adesina. You can buy the complete project on Family Background, School Location and Peer Group as Predictors of Juvenile Delinquency among Secondary School Students. It cost N5000.

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