IMPACT OF PARENTAL CONTROL AND PARENT-ADOLESCENT RELATIONSHIP ON CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR AMONG ADOLESCENTS


RESEARCH PROPOSAL

Chapter One: Introduction

Adolescence is a transitional period of development from childhood to adulthood with evident biological and emotional changes. These changes bring transformation and reorganization in family relationships (Schroeder, Bulanda, Giordana, & Cernkovich, 2010). Moreover, adolescents start viewing themselves as adults and, on the contrary, parents may find it difficult to adapt to this perception. There may also be a shift in the unilateral authority enjoyed by the parents towards a mutual authority in which adolescents share decision-making power and increasing amounts of personal jurisdiction. Furthermore, interactions between the adolescent and parents can lead to conflict. Among adolescents, early adolescence (ages 10-15) has been associated with higher levels of conflict with parents, and adolescent-parent relationships may be transformed dramatically during this period.Criminal behaviors, including physical aggression and delinquency, are public health concerns because they may result in physical injury and/or involvement with the juvenile justice system including arrests and incarcerations (Odgers et al., 2008). Such

Criminal behaviors, including physical aggression and delinquency, are public health concerns because they may result in physical injury and/or involvement with the juvenile justice system including arrests and incarcerations (Odgers et al., 2008). Such behaviours exhibited at school may lead to suspension or expulsion, which take students out of the classroom, and thus decrease their academic instructional time and potential acquisition of skills (Zimmerman, Schutte, Taskinen, & Koller, 2013). Peer-based aggression and delinquency may also result in more sustained involvement with peer groups who support and engage in these criminal behaviors. However, prevalence rates of physical aggression and delinquency, unfortunately, increase during adolescence (Steinberg, 2008).

The consequences of this malady and other juvenile crimes such as examination malpractice, alcoholism, forgery, rape, armed robbery, and other numerous social ills have posed as a threat to community peace. In this study, parent-adolescent relationships are being explored from the perspective of adolescence. The present study explored parent-adolescent attachment; adolescent views towards parental guidance; adolescent perception about parental control; adolescent views of parental pressure; and the type of communication between the adolescent and the parent from a relationship perspective. Additionally, the study investigated differences between adolescents who had been involved in delinquent behavior and those who had not.

Chapter Two: Literature Review

Chapter two focuses on the literature review, and explored the extent to which parent-child relationship could predict criminal behaviours among adolescents. Specific reference are made to the following: (1) family structure as producing agents of juvenile delinquency;(2) the relationship between family background and adolescent criminal behaviour(3) Examine the reaction of adolescent boys who get involved in delinquent behaviors towards parental control, guidance, and pressure when compared to adolescent boys who are not involved in delinquent behaviors

Chapter Three: Research Methodology

This chapter presents the research methodology employed in this study. It entails or deals on the methods and procedure employed by the researcher in collecting data. Chi Square was will be used for data analysis.

Chapter Four: Data Analysis

In this chapter, the researcher analyses the data collected for the researcher work and interprets it according to the research questions formulated in chapter one.

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion, and Recommendations

Summary and conclusions are to be drawn from the research literature, research findings and data analysis. Recommendations were also made in chapter five

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