Barriers to HIV Care in Rural Communities: Case Study of Abuja Municipal Area Council


RESEARCH PROPOSAL

Chapter One: Introduction
The world continues to battle the HIV pandemic along with related social and economic challenges. Strategies applied in developed countries seem to be containing the spread; however, results of efforts in many African countries are daunting. At the end of 2009, an estimated 33.3 million people were infected with HIV globally, 22.5 million (68%) of global total were in Sub-Saharan Africa, and about 2.98 million in Nigeria with second highest after South Africa of people living with HIV in the World (UNAIDS , 2010).
Based on field research conducted by the researcher in Abuja Municipal Area Council, most free HIV care centers are mainly located in urban areas in spite of higher prevalence in rural areas. This corroborates with the findings of Kombe (2007) who noted that very few healthcare workers are deployed to the rural areas. This raises questions about whether the HIV treatment services is able to reach the rural groups given that inaccessibility of good health care centres, stigmatization and discrimination, etc., stands as barriers to effective HIV care in the rural area. Hence, this study intends to expand on these aforementioned barriers document as well as proffer solutions to them.

Chapter Two: Literature Review
The purpose of the chapter is to present the review of literatures that is relevant to the study. The reviewed exercise covered published works, journals, magazines, newspapers, government publications.

Chapter Three: Research Methodology
This study utilized both the descriptive and survey methods. The population of this study is made up nurses and patients of HIV from ten health care centres in Abuja Municipal Area Council. From the ten (10) health care centre, ten (10) respondents including the nurses and HIV patients are samples to get a fair representative of set of respondents. Questionnaire will be used as instrument for data collection. Simple percentage analysis will be used to analyze the data collected.

Chapter Four: Data Analysis
In this chapter, the researcher will analyse the data collected for the research work and interpret it according to the research hypotheses formulated in chapter one.

Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
Summary and conclusions are to be drawn from the research literature, research findings and data analysis. Recommendations will be made in the final chapter.

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HIV CARE IN NIGERIA (TABLE OF CONTENT)

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