Chapter One: Introduction
The recent outbreaks of civil wars and conflicts in Niger (2007), Guinea Bissau (2008-2009), Côte d’Ivoire (2011), Sudan (2009-2014), etc., have received little or no pro-active peace support operations from Nigeria. This is in sharp contrast to the past active engagement of Nigeria in the sub-region. The aggressive articulation of African-centeredness in Nigeria’s foreign policy under General Murtala Mohammed (1975-1976) made the colonial and apartheid regimes in South Africa to reduce or stop their activities. At a point, Murtala challenged the United States of America and South Africa when they planned to install a puppet regime in Angola. General Obasanjo equally employed cultural diplomacy to assert the supremacy of Nigeria in the region by hosting high level international conferences like the World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture (FESTAC 77’), the World Conference for Action against Apartheid and ECOWAS Heads of State Summit, etc. The government also applied militancy in its foreign policy by ‘nationalizing’ British assets in Nigeria such as the British Petroleum in retaliation to Britain’s decision to sell crude oil to South Africa. This action, coupled with leading other African countries to boycott the 1978 Montreal Olympics forced the British government under Thatcher to reverse its proposed recognition of and support for the minority racist government in Zimbabwe.
The country’s foreign policy has taken a new turn, leaning more toward the citizens. President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua’s administration (2007-2010) who took over from President Olusegun Obasanjo (1999-2007) concentrated more on the internal restructuring of Nigeria than on external relations. He worked on fighting corruption and literally settled the problem of the Niger Delta by offering Amnesty to the militants. However, critics have labeled his foreign policy posture as ‘inactive, dormant and unfocused’. It was typified by last minute cancellations of international appointments and a lull in filling ambassadorial positions, including that of Washington.
In 2009, the late President Umaru Musa Yar’Adua apologetically lamented the non-representation of Nigeria at the G-20 Pittsburgh Summit of heads of states. According to him, it is a sad thing “when 20 leaders in the leading countries in the world are meeting and Nigeria is not there. This is something we need to reflect upon. We have the population, we have the potentials, we have the ability and the capacity and we have the will. What do we lack?” By implication, the foreign policy stance of Yar’Adua rested on population, resources and other traditional elements of power. However, the administration did not claim a regional power status based on these power indices. Rather, he advocated citizen diplomacy where the implementation of the 7-Point Agenda took the centre-stage instead of the historical African centered foreign policy. he “Transformation Agenda” of the President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan is anchored on the promotion and protection of the welfare of Nigerians citizens at home and abroad. However, the dilemma of modern day diplomacy has been one of the challenges of the present administration: either to continue with the traditional African-centeredness policy or evolve a 21st century policy that will make Nigeria survive in a competitive global world.
International and domestic factors have definitely influenced the foreign policies of President Goodluck Jonathan.But these influences are yet to be studied by scholars most of who regard contemporary and ongoing issues as full of uncertainties.
Chapter Two: Literature Review
This chapter reviews literature on Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Goodluck Jonathan. The literature is presented under sub-headings derived from the study’s research questions. Gaps to be filled by the present study are highlighted.
Chapter Three: Research Methodology
This chapter deals with the methodology and the research instrument to be used in getting data for the study. This study uses descriptive survey type. The target population consist of experts in the field of international relations. Questionnaire will be used to collect data. Relevant statistical tool in the SPSS will be used for data analysis.
Chapter Four: Data Analysis
In this chapter, the researcher will
analyse the data collected for the research work and interpret it according to the research hypotheses formulated in chapter
Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
and conclusions are to be drawn from the research literature, research findings
and data analysis.
Recommendations will be made
in the final chapter.
 Nigerian Army. Geo-Politics: Lecture Notes For Senior Staff On ‘Nigeria In International Affairs’. Abuja, 2011, p.6
 Obioma P. O. “The Foreign Policy Process of Nigeria”. (Unpublished Doctoral Thesis), University of Edinburgh., 1986, p.6
 Niyi A., The Domestication of Nigeria’s Foreign Policy. The Punch Newspaper, Tuesday, October 4, 2011.
 ThisDay Newspaper, April 6, 2009, p.80
 Reuben, A. “A Sad Yar’adua and the G-20 Summit”. April 5, 2009. Accessed from http://www.nigeriavillagesquare.com/columnists/a-sad-yaradua-and-the-g-20-summit.html 30/12/2013.