Chapter One: Introduction
The sustainability of schools relies in part on the availability and utilization of funds available to support recurrent costs for systems upkeep at the school level. Studies (Bada and Oguguo, 2011) shows that heads of schools report shortages of funds which impact on the daily running of school programmes. Almost all institutions and organizations in Nigeria have been affected by recessions (Bada and Oguguo, 2011). During economic downturns, the world seems to focus on managing budgets. Since 2008 the federal government has taken dramatic measures to help the financial state of many institutions struggling with the current recession. Of those measures, massive bailout packages worth billions of dollars have been proposed and passed to help institutions across the nation.
Educational leaders have long sought to understand how to allocate finance to improve school and students’ learning outcome. Schools receive funding for the sole purpose of improving educational opportunities and achievement for students. Yet the benefits of increasing that finance are widely disputed. Research conducted outside Nigeria indicates that the level of finance in a school does make a difference in student achievement (Odden, Goertz, & Goertz, 2008). However, limited research exists in Nigeria on whether increases in funding, utilized effectively and efficiently, does increase student achievement. Financing is often challenging to study because of the lack of disaggregation of district and school level expenditures. Educational boards have not historically kept track of categories of expenditures and are unable to aide researchers in their quest for financial data separated by theme.
Many issues amplify the importance of effective financing and management because of the implications on school funding for primary schools. Funding for basic education has come primarily from federal and local governments finance over the years; state governments have tended to prioritize tertiary education relying on local governments’ finance for primary education. A general lack of accountability inherent in current practices leads to inefficiency in use of finance. Officials estimate that these challenges account for 40% – 45 % of allocated funds. Recurrent capital expenditure imbalances in budgetary allocations aggravate the challenges and stifle the provision of education infrastructure. The non-inclusion of performance conditions in the criteria for federal matching grants to state governments on basic education may lead to lack of incentives for performance and inefficiency.
Schools are under even greater pressure to do more with less and maintain a clear process to decide how to allocate finance in areas that are needed the most and are the most effective. An important concern then, is understanding the connection between resource utilization, data-directed decision-making, and monitoring the use of resource utilization in schools to improve student learning outcome.
The prime purpose of this study was to investigate how financing and school management impacts on learning outcome in primary public schools in Benue State. Specifically, the study seeks to achieve the following research objectives:
- Conceptualize the three-model variables of resource allocation, government funding, and school financial management as they impact on students learning outcome;
- Determine the extent to which resource allocation produce effects, feelings, thoughts, and motivations for learners in relation to their learning outcome;
- Establish the link between government funding and level of learning outcome among students
- Find out if school financial management, with special focus on budgeting have direct consequences on learning outcome of students
Chapter Two: Literature Review
This chapter reviews literature on impact of school financial management on learning outcome of students in Lagos State. The literature is presented under sub-headings derived from the study’s research questions. Gaps to be filled by the present study are highlighted.
Chapter Three: Research Methodology
This chapter deals with the methodology and the research instrument to be used in getting data for the study. This study uses descriptive survey type. The target population consist of some selected secondary schools in Lagos East Senatorial District covering Ikorodu, Somolu, Kosofe, Epe and Ibeju-Lekki. The total population of this study is 2,728. The table below further describes the population. Relevant statistical tool in the SPSS will be used for data analysis.
Chapter Four: Data Analysis
In this chapter, the researcher will analyse the data collected for the research work and interpret it according to the research hypotheses formulated in chapter one.
Chapter Five: Summary, Conclusion and Recommendations
Summary and conclusions are to be drawn from the research literature, research findings and data analysis. Recommendations will be made in the final chapter.