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This study examines Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo’s administration (1999-2007). It provides a detailed background on the impact of Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy in re-building Nigeria’s image in international politics. The study analyses the domestic policies of the Obasanjo’s administration and how it shaped the country’s policy of partnership especially with the western powers and the implication of this partnership on Nigeria economic growth between 1999 and 2007. Historical research method was employed in this study. Both primary and secondary source materials were used by the researcher. The study established that while President Olusegun Obasanjo had his shortcomings in foreign policy implementation, the nation has achieved significant gains through the regime’s shuttle diplomacy. Generally, Nigeria’s increasing profile in its foreign relations implies that the nation has regained its role as a leading player in multilateral politics and diplomacy.
The study traced the historical development of Nigeria-Chinese relations from 1999-2009 with emphasis on political and economic bilateral relations. Furthermore, the study discussed on relationship between Nigeria and China in key areas such as bilateral trade, oil and gas, power generation, rail transport system, road construction, communication, manufacturing and retail loan finance and general free trade zone. It also examined include politics, military and cultural bilateral relations between the two countries. Attention was also given to the domestic factors that shaped China’s relations with Nigeria and how Nigeria views the changing role of China on the African continents. Historical method or approach was employed in this study. Both Primary and Secondary sources published were used by the researcher. The study established that Nigeria’s external relation with China has been beneficial to the two countries. Again, it established that the relationship between Nigeria and China is a win-win strategy but this is yet to be thoroughly maximized by the Nigerian government given the political, military, technological and economic base of China as an emerging Super Power in international politics.
Nigeria belongs to a comity of nations which means that she is not an island. The 30 months civil war which occurred between 1967 and 1970 exposed the fragility of her foreign policy with other countries of the world. There is the need to re-examine the impact of the civil war on Nigeria’s foreign policy. The objectives of this research is to: Analyze the major events that took place outside Nigeria during the civil war and how it changed the way Nigerian leaders conduct external relations. The study relied much on primary sources especially government publications, correspondence and interviews. The study revealed that the various ethnic groups in Nigeria need one another; so also, that Nigeria should harness the lessons of the civil war to build her foreign policy with other world countries, especially in the West African sub-region.