This study examines Nigeria’s foreign policy under President Olusegun Obasanjo’s administration (1999-2007). It provides a detailed background on the impact of Obasanjo’s shuttle diplomacy in re-building Nigeria’s image in international politics. The study analyses the domestic policies of the Obasanjo’s administration and how it shaped the country’s policy of partnership especially with the western powers and the implication of this partnership on Nigeria economic growth between 1999 and 2007. Historical research method was employed in this study. Both primary and secondary source materials were used by the researcher. The study established that while President Olusegun Obasanjo had his shortcomings in foreign policy implementation, the nation has achieved significant gains through the regime’s shuttle diplomacy. Generally, Nigeria’s increasing profile in its foreign relations implies that the nation has regained its role as a leading player in multilateral politics and diplomacy.
The study examines the historical development of Nigerian peacekeeping mission under the auspices of the United Nations Security Council from 1960 to 2009 using Sierra Leone as a case study. Furthermore, it discusses the concept, nature and general principles of peacekeeping; examined the foreign policy objectives of Nigeria in relation to her peacekeeping mission; examine the contributions of Nigerian peacekeeping mission to the installment of peace and stability in Sierra Leone between 1991 and 2000; and review the major challenges facing Nigeria peacekeeping mission. Historical research method was employed in this study. Both primary and secondary source materials were used by the researcher. The study established that Nigeria’s peacekeeping mission has been beneficial to the country especially in the projection of her public diplomacy and foreign power abroad.
Nigerian leaders often see their country as the “natural leader” of the African continent. And the country’s foreign policy is best understood and assessed in the context of its regional and continental ambitions largely designed by the presiding head of state or president. Thus, a study of Nigeria’s foreign policy under Abubakar Tafawa Balewa (1960-1966) and Murtala/Obasanjo (1975-1979) will expose us to understand better the actors and factors that shape the country’s foreign policy.
Generally, Nigerian historians and political scientists regard the Murtala/Obasanjo regime (1975 – 1979) as a period that Nigeria became the “Giant of Africa” due to her confrontational foreign policy posture. Coupled with the transition programme initiated by General Murtala Mohammed and later implemented by General (Rtd.) Olusegun Obasajo, the regime was tagged a successful one. When this is compared to the foreign policy Abubakar Tafawa Balewa, one realizes that the two different regimes pursued the same foreign policy objectives but differently. They both have their peculiarities in building the country’s power status within the African sub-region. This study therefore seeks to provide well researched and comparative study regarding Nigeria’s foreign policy under Murtala/Obasanjo and Abubakar Tafawa Balewa.
The study investigated the effects of study habit on the academic performance of students’using some selected senior secondary schools in Ijebu-Ode Local Government Area of Ogun State as a case study. Two hundred (200) students were randomly selected from five senior secondary schools in the area. The instrument utilized for the study was a questionnaire named “Study Habit and Study Attitude Scale”(SHSAS). Four hypotheses were tested and the result showed that family background, peer group pressure, personality type of the student and the school environment all affect the reading habit of students in secondary schools. Data was analyzed using percentage. Based on the findings, appropriate parental counseling programme needs to be organized for parents that will educate them on how to motivate their wards to cultivate good study habits in order to enhance their academic performance. Hence, it is suggested that similar research with relevant research methodology should be used in carrying out research in other states of the federation to ascertain the degree of conformity which this research have on the study habit of all senior secondary school students in Nigeria.